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Satellite-Derived LST and Emissivity Product Intercomparison and Validation References


Wang et al. (2023), Evaluation of Three Land Surface Temperature Products From Landsat Series Using in Situ   Measurements. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2022.3232624.

Galve et al. (2022), Assessment of Land Surface Temperature Estimates from Landsat 8-TIRS in A High-Contrast   Semiarid Agroecosystem. Algorithms Intercomparison. Remote Sensing, doi: 10.3390/rs14081843.

Göttsche et al. (2022), Validation of Satellite-Retrieved Land Surface Temperature (LST) Products at Gobabeb,   Namibia.   Journal Namibia Scientific Society, vol. 69, ISSN: 1018-7677.


Hulley et al. (2021), Validation and quality assessment of the ECOSTRESS level-2 land surface temperature and   emissivity product, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2021.3079879.

J. Ma et al. (2021), Continuous evaluation of the spatial representativeness of land surface temperature validation sites,   Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 265, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2021.112669.

I.F. Trigo et al. (2021), Validation and consistency assessment of land surface temperature from geostationary and polar   orbit platforms: SEVIRI/MSG and AVHRR/Metop, ISPRS J. Photo. Rem. Sens., doi: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2021.03.013

P. Reiners et al. (2021), Validation of AVHRR Land Surface Temperature with MODIS and In Situ LST - A TIMELINE   Thematic Processor, Remote Sensing, doi: 10.3390/rs13173473.

L. Pérez-Planells et al. (2021), Validation of Sentinel-3 SLSTR Land Surface TemperatureRetrieved by the Operational   Product and Comparison with Explicitly Emissivity-DependentAlgorithms, Remote Sensing, doi: 10.3390/rs13112228.

Chen et al. (2021), Land Surface Temperature from GOES-East and GOES-West, Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic   Technology, DOI: 10.1175/JTECH-D-20-0086.1


Masiello, G., Serio, C., Venafra, S., Poutier, L., and GsØttsche, F.-M. (2019). SEVIRI Hyper-Fast Forward Model with   Application to Emissivity Retrieval. Sensors, 19, 1532; doi: 10.3390/s19071532

Coll, C., NiclÖs, R., Puchades, J., Garcia-Santos, V., Galve, J.M., PZØrez-Planells, L., Valor, E., and Theocharous, E.   (2019). Laboratory calibration and field measurement of land surface temperature and emissivity using thermal   infrared multiband radiometers. International Journal of Applied Earth Observation and Geoinformation, 78, 227-239,   doi: 10.1016/j.jag.2019.02.002

Duan, S.-B., Li, Z.-L., Li, H., Göttsche, F.-M., Wu, H., Zhao, W., Leng, P., Zhang, X., and Coll, C. (2019). Validation of   Collection 6 MODIS land surface temperature product using in situ measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment,   225, 16—29. doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2019.02.020

Theocharous, E., Fox, N. P., Barker-Snook, I., NiclÖs, R., Garcia Santos, V., Minnett, P. J., Göttsche, F.M., Poutier, L.,   Morgan, N., Nightingale, T., Wimmer, W., HËyer, J., Zhang, K., Yang, M., Guan, L., Arbelo, M., and Donlon, C.J.   (2019). The 2016 CEOS infrared radiometer comparison: Part 2: Laboratory comparison of radiation thermometers.   Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology. doi: 10.1175/JTECH-D-18-0032.1

Martin, M., Ghent, D., Pires, A., Göttsche, F.-M., Cermak, J., and Remedios, J. (2019). Comprehensive In Situ   Validation of Five Satellite Land Surface Temperature Data Sets over Multiple Stations and Years. Remote sensing, 11   (5), Article No.479. doi: 10.3390/rs11050479


Ermida, S.L., Trigo, I.F., DaCamara, C.C., and Roujean, J.-L. (2018). Assessing the potential of parametric models to   correct directional effects on local to global remotely sensed LST. Remote Sensing of Environment, 209, 410-422, doi:   10.1016/j.rse.2018.02.066

Gao, C., Qiu, S., Li, C., Tang, L., Ma, L., Qian, Y., Zhao, Y., and Ren, L. (2018). Evaluation of land surface temperature   by comparing FY-3C/VIRR with Terra/MODIS and MSG/SEVIRI data. International Journal of Remote Sensing,
  40(5-6), 1-14, doi: 10.1080/01431161.2018.1460514

Göttsche, F.-M., Olesen, F., Poutier, L., Langlois, S., Wimmer, W., Garcia Santos, V., Coll, C., Niclos, R., Arbelo, M.,   and Monchau, J.P. (2018). Report from the Field Inter-Comparison Experiment (FICE) for Land Surface Temperature.   ESA Technical Report. Online:

Lu, L., Zhang, T., Wang, T., and Zhou, X. (2018). Evaluation of Collection-6 MODIS Land Surface Temperature Product   Using Multi-Year Ground Measurements in an Arid Area of Northwest China. Remote Sensing, 10(11), 1852, doi:   10.3390/rs10111852

Masiello, G., Serio, C., Venafra, S., Liuzzi, G., Poutier, L., and Göttsche, F.-M. (2018). Physical Retrieval of Land   Surface Emissivity Spectra from Hyper-Spectral Infrared Observations and Validation with In Situ Measurements.   Remote Sensing, 10 (6), 976. doi: 10.3390/rs10060976

Mattar, C., Santamaria-Artigas, A., Ponzoni, F., Pinto, C.T.; Barrientos, C., and Hulley, G. (2018). Atacama Field   Campaign: laboratory and in-situ measurements for remote sensing applications. International Journal of Digital Earth,   1-19, doi: 10.1080/17538947.2018.1450901

Niclós, R., Pérez-Planells, L., Coll, C., Valiente, J.A., and Valor, E. (2018). Evaluation of the S-NPP VIIRS land surface   temperature product using ground data acquired by an autonomous system at a rice paddy. ISPRS Journal of   Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing, 135, 1-12, doi: 10.1016/j.isprsjprs.2017.10.017


Hulley, G. C., Malakar, N., Islam, T., Freepartner, R, (2017), NASA's MODIS and VIIRS Land Surface Temperature and   Emissivity Products: A Consistent and High Quality Earth System Data Record, IEEE TGRS, DOI:   10.1109/JSTARS.2017.2779330.

Ghent, D. J., Corlett, G. K., Göttsche, F.-M., and Remedios, J. J. (2017). Global land surface temperature from the   Along-Track Scanning Radiometers. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol. 122, pp. 12167—12193.   doi:10.1002/2017JD027161

Göttsche, F.-M., Olesen, F.-S., Trigo, I.F., Bork-Unkelbach, A., and Martin, M.A. (2016). Long Term Validation of Land   Surface Temperature Retrieved from MSG/SEVIRI with Continuous in-Situ Measurements in Africa. Remote Sensing,   vol 8(5), 410; doi:10.3390/rs8050410


Malakar, N.K., and G. C. Hulley, (2016), A Water Vapor Scaling Model for Improved Land Surface Temperature and   Emissivity Separation of MODIS Thermal Infrared Data, Remote Sensing of Environment, 182, 252-264

Islam, T., Hulley, G.C., Malakar, N. K., Radocinski, R.G., Guillevic, P.C., and Hook, S.J. (2016). A Physics-Based   Algorithm for the Simultaneous Retrieval of Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity From VIIRS Thermal Infrared   Data, IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, Septermber 2016.


Masiello, G., Serio, C., Venafra, S., Liuzzi, G., GsØttsche, F., Trigo, I.F., and Watts, P. (2015). Kalman filter physical   retrieval of surface emissivity and temperature from SEVIRI infrared channels: a validation and intercomparison   study. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 8, 2981—2997, doi: 10.5194/amt-8-2981-2015

NiclÖs, R., Valiente, J.A., Barbera, M.J., and Coll, C. (2015). An Autonomous System to Take Angular Thermal-Infrared   Measurements for Validating Satellite Products. Remote Sensing, vol. 7(11), pp. 15269—15294.


Jiménez-Muñoz, J.C., Sobrino, J.A., Mattar, C., Hulley, G., and Göttsche, F. M. (2014). Temperature and Emissivity   Separation from MSG/SEVIRI Data. IEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 52, no. 9, pp.   5937-5951, doi: 10.1109/TGRS.2013.2293791

Ermida, S.L., Trigo, I.F., DaCamara, C.C, Göttsche, F.-M., Olesen, F.S., and Hulley, G. (2014). Validation of remotely   sensed surface temperature over an oak woodland landscape — the problem of viewing and illumination geometries.   Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 148, pp. 1627.

Guillevic, P. C., Biard, J., Hulley, G. C., Privette, J. L., Hook, S. J., Göttsche, F.-M., Radocinski, R., Román, M. O., Yu, Y.,   and Csiszar I., 2014. Validation of Land Surface Temperature products derived from the Visible Infrared Imager   Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) using ground-based and heritage satellite measurements. Remote Sensing of Environment,   154, 19-37, doi: 10.1016/j.rse.2014.08.013.

Wan Z., 2014. New refinements and validation of the collection-6 MODIS land-surface temperature/emissivity product.   Remote Sensing of Environment, 140, 36-45, doi:10.1016/ j.rse.2013.08.027.


Hulley, G. C., C. G. Hughes and S. J. Hook, 2013. Quantifying uncertainties in land surface temperature and emissivity   retrievals from ASTER and MODIS thermal infrared data. JGR Atmospheres, vol 117, pp. D23113- D23130.

Guillevic P., Bork-Unkelbach A., Göettsche F.M., Hulley G., Gastellu-Etchegorry J.P., Olesen F. and Privette J.L., 2013.   Directional viewing effects on Satellite Land Surface Temperature products over sparse vegetation canopies - A multi-
  sensor analysis. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letter - Special stream on Biophysical variables and spatial   heterogeneities in agricultural landscapes, Vol. 10, Issue 6, pp. 1464-1468,   doi:10.1109/LGRS.2013.2260319.

Göttsche, F.-M., Olesen F.-S., and Bork-Unkelbach, A, 2013. Validation of land surface temperature derived from   MSG/SEVIRI with in situ measurements at Gobabeb, Namibia, International Journal of Remote Sensing, vol. 34, nos.   9-10, pp. 3069-3083.

Li, Z.-L., Tang, B. H., Wu, H., Ren, H. Z., Yan, G. J., Wan, Z.M., Trigo, I. F., and Sobrino, J. A., 2013. Satellite-derived   land surface temperature: current status and perspectives. Remote Sensing of Environment, 131, 14-37, doi:   10.1016/j.rse.2012.12.008.

Heidinger, A. K., Laszlo, I., Molling, C. C., Dan Tarpley, D., 2013. Using SURFRAD to Verify the NOAA Single-Channel   Land Surface Temperature Algorithm. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 30, 2868-2884, doi:   10.1175/JTECH-D-13-00051.1


Hulley, G. C. and S. J. Hook, 2012. A radiance-based method for estimating uncertainties in the Atmospheric Infrared   Sounder (AIRS) land surface temperature product. Journal Geophysical Research-Atmospheres, vol. 117, pp.   D20117-D20116.

Guillevic P., Privette J.L., Coudert B., Palecki M. A., Demarty J., Ottlé C. and Augustine J.A., 2012. Land Surface   Temperature product validation using NOAA's surface climate observation networks - Scaling methodology for the   Visible Infrared Imager Radiometer Suite (VIIRS). Remote Sensing of Environment, 124, 282-298.

Schneider, P., Ghent, D., Corlett, G., Prata, F., and Remedios, J., 2012. AATSR validation: LST validation protocol.   Internal publication, UL-NILU-ESA-LST-LVP Issue 1 Revision 0, page 1-39.


Niclòs, R., Galve, J. M., Valiente, J. A., Estrela, M. J., and Coll, C., 2011. Accuracy assessment of land surface   temperature retrievals from MSG2-SEVIRI data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 115, 2126-2140.

Hulley, G. C., and S. J. Hook, 2011. Generating Consistent Land Surface Temperature and Emissivity Products   Between ASTER and MODIS Data for Earth Science Research IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 49, pp.   1304-1315.


Hulley, G., S. J. Hook, E. Manning, S. Y.Lee and E. Fetzer, 2009. Validation of the Atmospheric Infrared Sounder (AIRS)   version 5 land surface emissivity product over the Namib and Kalahari deserts. Journal of Geophysical Research-
  Atmospheres, vol. 114, pp. D19104- D19114.

Hulley, G. and S. J. Hook, 2009. Intercomparison of versions 4, 4.1 and 5 of the MODIS Land Surface Temperature   and Emissivity products and validation with laboratory measurements of sand samples from the Namib desert,   Namibia. Remote Sensing of Environment, vol. 113, pp. 1313-1318.

Wang, K., and Liang, S., 2009. Evaluation of ASTER and MODIS land surface temperature and emissivity products   using long-term surface longwave radiation observations at SURFRAD sites. Remote Sensing of Environment, 113   (7), 1556-1565.

Coll, C., Wan, Z., and Galve, J.M. (2009). Temperature-based and radiance-based validations of the V5 MODIS land   surface temperature product. Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 114, pp. 1—15.

Coll, C., S. J. Hook and J. M. Galve, 2009a. Land Surface Temperature From The Advanced Along-Track Scanning   Radiometer: Validation Over Inland Waters And Vegetated Surfaces. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 47,   pp. 350-360.


Hall, D. K., J. E. Box, K. A. Casey, S. J. Hook, C. A. Shuman and K. Steffen, 2008. Comparison of Satellite-Derived Ice   and Snow Surface Temperatures over Greenland with in-situ Observations. Remote Sensing of Environment, vol 112,   pp. 3739-3749.

Wan, Z, 2008. New refinements and validation of the MODIS land-surface temperature/emissivity products. Remote   Sensing of Environment, 112, 59-74.

Trigo, I.F., Monteiro, I.T., Olesen, F., and Kabsch, E., 2008. An assessment of remotely sensed land surface   temperature. Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, 113, D17108, doi:10.1029/2008JD010035.

Hulley, G. C. and S. J. Hook, 2008. ASTER Land Surface Emissivity Database of California and Nevada. Geophysical   Research Letters, vol. 35, pp. L13401- L13406.

Wang, W., Liang, S., and Meyers, T.P. (2008). Validating MODIS land surface temperature products using long-term   nighttime ground measurements.   Remote Sensing of Environment, 112, 623-635.

Inamdar, A. K., A. French, S. Hook, G. Vaughan and W. Luckett, 2008. Land Surface Temperature Retrieval at High   Spatial and Temporal Resolutions over the Southwestern US, vol. 113, D07107- D07124.


Barsi, J. A., S. J. Hook, J. R. Schott, N. G. Raqueno, B. L. Markham, 2007. Landsat-5 thematic mapper thermal band   calibration update. IEEE Geoscience and Remote Sensing Letters, vol. 4 pp. 552-555.

Sobrino, J. A., Jiménez-Muñoz, J. C., Balick, L., Gillespie, A. R., Sabol, D. A., & Gustafson, W. T., 2007. Accuracy of   ASTER level-2 thermal-infrared standard products of an agricultural area in Spain. Remote Sensing of Environment,   106, 146-153.

Hook, S. J., R. G. Vaughan, H. Tonooka and S. G. Schladow, 2007. Absolute Radiometric In-Flight Validation of Mid   Infrared and Thermal Infrared Data From ASTER and MODIS on the Terra Spacecraft Using the Lake Tahoe, CA/NV,   USA, Automated Validation Site. IEEE Transactions Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 45, pp. 1798-1807.

Noyes, E.J., Sòria, G., Sobrino, J.A., Remedios, J.J., Llewellyn-Jones, D.T., Corlett, G.K., 2007. AATSR land surface   temperature product algorithm verification over a WATERMED site, Advances in Space Research, 39, pp. 171-178.

2006 and earlier

Bosilovich, M.G., 2006. A comparison of MODIS land surface temperature with in situ observations, Geophysical   Research Letters, 33, L20112, doi:10.1029/2006GL027519.

Coll, C., Caselles, V., Galve, J. M., Valor, E., Niclòs, R., Sanchez, J. M., and Rivas, R. (2005). Ground measurements   for the validation of land surface temperatures derived from AATSR and MODIS data. Remote Sensing of   Environment, 97, 288-300.

Hook, S. J., Clodius, W. B and L. Balick, R. E. Alley, A. Abtahi, R. C. Richards and S. G. Schladow, 2005. In-Flight   Validation of Mid and Thermal Infrared Data from the Multispectral Thermal Imager (MTI) Using an Automated High   Altitude Validation Site at Lake Tahoe CA/NV, USA. IEEE Transactions Geoscience and Remote Sensing, vol. 43, pp.   1991-1999.

Jacob, F., Petitcolin, F., Schmugge, T., Vermote, E., French, A., and Ogawa, K., 2004. Comparison of land surface   emissivity and radiometric temperature derived from MODIS and ASTER sensors. Remote Sensing of Environment,   90, 137-152.

Wan, Z., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Q., and Li, Z.-L., 2004. Quality assessment and validation of the MODIS global land surface   temperature. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 25, 261-274.

Hook, S. J., Prata A. J., Alley, R. E., Abtahi, A., Richards, R. C., Schladow, S. G. and S. Ó. Pálmarsson, 2003 Retrieval   of Lake Bulk-and Skin-Temperatures using Along Track Scanning Radiometer (ATSR) Data: A Case Study using Lake   Tahoe, CA. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, Vol. 20, No. 2, pp 534-548.

Wan, Z., Zhang, Y., Zhang, Q., and Li, Z.-L., 2002. Validation of the land-surface temperature products retrieved from   Terra Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer data. Remote Sensing of Environment, 83, 163-180.

Aminou, D. M. A., 2002. MSG's SEVIRI Instrument, ESA Bulletin, 111, 15-17, 2002.

Aminou, D., Jacquet, B., and Pasternak, F., 2002. Characteristics of the Meteosat Second Generation   Radiometer/Imager SEVIRI. Proceedings of SPIE Europto series 3221 19-31.

Sobrino, J. A., Li, Z.-L., Stoll, M. P., and Becker, F., 1996. Multi-channel and multi-angle algorithms for estimating sea   and land surface temperature with ATSR data. International Journal of Remote Sensing, 17, 2089-2114.

Prata, A. J., 1994. Land surface temperatures derived from the advanced very high resolution radiometer and the   along-track scanning radiometer: 2. Experimental results and validation of AVHRR algorithms. Journal of Geophysical   Research: Atmospheres, 99(D6), 13025 - 13058.


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